This Helicopter Just Flew On Mars!

The Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars. It has now landed and safely checked in with the rover. It should detach and fly within the first 30-60 days of the mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.
How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
Plus the aircraft has to be light:
The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.


  1. flymeetspaddle


    Prieš val

    confused me at first with the upload date lol. but ok title change, thats fair :) lol

  2. Nick Dossett

    Nick Dossett

    Prieš 4 val

    I vote the next helicopter on Mars should have a Magnum P.I. helicopter paint job

  3. Ericsaw 1711

    Ericsaw 1711

    Prieš 6 val

    LTwindow's algorithm is just perfect 👍

  4. K J

    K J

    Prieš 7 val

    "This just flew on mars" 1 year ago......

  5. Leo Ma

    Leo Ma

    Prieš 8 val

    Aerospace engineers at NASA: "BAAAAAAAAHHH"

  6. KEDAR A N


    Prieš 9 val

    The title is changed now!!!

  7. Emtiasur Rahman

    Emtiasur Rahman

    Prieš 10 val


  8. Google User

    Google User

    Prieš 11 val

    3:25 This girl was the one who made that speech afterwards.

  9. Jawad Hazrat

    Jawad Hazrat

    Prieš 12 val

    What is the functions of those spikes? Just curious.

  10. NewMusicWeekly


    Prieš 13 val

    Seeing it next to people for the first time, it's more than twice as big as I assumed.

  11. Dwayne Kight

    Dwayne Kight

    Prieš 16 val

    very kool fact...............there is a small piece of the wright brothers airplane tucked inside the helicopter

  12. Piotr Krawczyk

    Piotr Krawczyk

    Prieš 16 val

    Again title change time, now it flew TWICE!

  13. Jake Russell

    Jake Russell

    Prieš 17 val

    1 year ago? What was the title before?

  14. Ba2siK


    Prieš 21 val

    Thanks for keeping the title up to date :)

  15. Michael


    Prieš 22 val

    I wish youtube tells you when title’s been edited cause I freaked out and thought the actual first helicopter flight on mars was a year ago and I missed it

  16. D J

    D J

    Prieš 23 val

    No WAY! I can't even get cell service on this planet! Besides a $3.5 Billion Dollar drone? And for what? Someone's hobby? What a gross waste of tax payers money.

    • Zeen Daniels

      Zeen Daniels

      Prieš 2 val

      Nope .. the drone didn't cost that much. That figure you wrote is the estimated cost of the mission (including the rover, the drone and all the man power needed to design, build and operate them) over a period of 10 years.

  17. Evan Sargent

    Evan Sargent

    Prieš 23 val

    Got to admit the drone motor and blades aren't all that special. The race drones i fly use plastic props and the motors spin around 40,000 RPM sooo why go so expensive for the props and with drones 2,500 RPM isnt fast at all. Even R/C helicopters that use plastic props and have collective pitch spin around 8,000 RPM.

    • Zeen Daniels

      Zeen Daniels

      Prieš 2 val

      Neither your race drones or rc helicopters are flying on Mars. That's what make this special.

    • That guy from next door

      That guy from next door

      Prieš 14 val

      Links on those race drones?

  18. Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Prieš dieną


  19. Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Prieš dieną


  20. Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

    Prieš dieną


    • Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

      Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

      Prieš 2 val

      @Zeen Daniels This is a 4lb drone, not far off a 5lb bag of spuds, a kids drone weights in at less than a bag of sugar and has a much higher rpm at 5000-8000 than this one at 2277rpm, how does a earth drone weighing less than a bag of sugar need more thrust than one on mars with no air to thrust off and with a heavier drone? Can you please explain that? The video here makes out like 2277rpm is ground-breaking when its not even half of a toy drones capability....

    • Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

      Enchanted LifePath Truth Podcast

      Prieš 2 val

      @Zeen Daniels its all on my article

    • Zeen Daniels

      Zeen Daniels

      Prieš 2 val

      Now let's see your calculations regarding thrust vs weight.

  21. glenn kwong

    glenn kwong

    Prieš dieną

    Congradulation to heli team/ teams. Well done.I am very fascinated with this new techology. Can you guys cut the price tag from $85 million down to ???? Thanks

  22. Marco Antonio

    Marco Antonio

    Prieš dieną

    What amazing folks

  23. DFly FPV

    DFly FPV

    Prieš dieną

    Lemme try this one on earth pls!

  24. yeah?


    Prieš dieną

    6 months later Scientist 1: Is it just me or the rover and helicopter are like moving on their own Scientist 2: Naah they're just flirting on each other

  25. Jeff Nielsen

    Jeff Nielsen

    Prieš dieną

    I always like to see interviews of very smart people who are in very important positions. They are always so cool and down to Earth. You know what I mean.

  26. akash rajput

    akash rajput

    Prieš dieną

    Has to be an indian guy in there

  27. Zaw Htet Aung

    Zaw Htet Aung

    Prieš dieną

    People in Myanmar are going crazy because Mi Mi Aung, the chief engineer, is Burmese. Even with all the violence going on in the country, people celebrated to her achievement.

  28. vales74


    Prieš dieną

    sumamente util saber q se puede volar 1.5min en Marte, ara tomarse encuesta la próxima vez que vayamos a dar un paseo x ahi,

  29. ValensBellator


    Prieš dieną

    What on earth do they use to lubricate those rotors enough to pull off 2500+ RPM?? That’s amazing!

  30. Liam Byrne

    Liam Byrne

    Prieš dieną

    Thought he released a new video, but i think he just renamed the video lol. nice one

  31. eSnapeye


    Prieš dieną

    No one: Derek: changes video title to fit current update

  32. Antonio Alvarez

    Antonio Alvarez

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Is this drone going to fly over the Face on Mars and the surrounding area ???

  33. Shubham Agrawal

    Shubham Agrawal

    Prieš 2 dienas

    He is just ahead of general media. First the mars rover, then the black hole picture!!

  34. Jeremy Theimer

    Jeremy Theimer

    Prieš 2 dienas

    this aged like fine wine.

    • Jeremy Theimer

      Jeremy Theimer

      Prieš dieną

      @daily yew ik he did, but the video is great. I saw it the moment it came out actually

    • daily yew

      daily yew

      Prieš dieną

      He edited the title if your wondering

  35. 5AMM0608


    Prieš 2 dienas

    3 title updates

  36. prescod


    Prieš 2 dienas

    Very confusing to have the new title and the old date together!

  37. Suar Suar

    Suar Suar

    Prieš 2 dienas

    After ingenuity helicopter first flight.... 😘 🌌🌌🌌🚀🚀🚀



    Prieš 2 dienas

    Thank you

  39. Gaurav Kumar

    Gaurav Kumar

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Derek is ahead of time .... I mean, always!!!

  40. Freedom is not free

    Freedom is not free

    Prieš 2 dienas

    it cost 85million dollars! so expensive

  41. Jake Streatfield

    Jake Streatfield

    Prieš 2 dienas

    So you’re telling me that’s not Elon musk?

  42. Tejas SP

    Tejas SP

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Howard! was that you??

  43. shruthi srikumar

    shruthi srikumar

    Prieš 2 dienas

    He just updated the titel

  44. Afonso Santos

    Afonso Santos

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Next challenge: fly a helicopter into a cave on Mars...

  45. Owen Mayer

    Owen Mayer

    Prieš 2 dienas

    It worked!

  46. no taboos

    no taboos

    Prieš 2 dienas

    I suppose Mars is flat; just like Earth.

  47. Peter Türr

    Peter Türr

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Through this use with a thinner gas envelope, a few more laypeople can finally imagine why a kind of similar helicopter device can easily cope with the 10,000 m mark with work tasks. Greetings Peter Türr

  48. Peter Türr

    Peter Türr

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Hello Mr. Ask how many grams or milli grams the individual flukes were weighed in zone intervals. Before balancing. This means that the excess lever rocker was weighed with very fine scales at precisely defined intervals. Of course always on the side that rests downwards. And thus the individual zones are absolutely identical. All of them. Only in this way can the actual balancing be carried out afterwards. The experts know exactly what I mean by that. It is about any later vibrations that can then no longer be corrected. In order to avoid that the device dismantles itself due to interference during this long period of use. So the tilting weighing is the basis for a long service life. Greetings Peter Türr

  49. Tom Oakhill

    Tom Oakhill

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Good title update.

  50. the glitch finder

    the glitch finder

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Edit title

  51. ankur guptas

    ankur guptas

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Who is came after successful mars helicopter first control flight

  52. datKom.Mentaryo


    Prieš 2 dienas

    that i am here for the actually flight f drawn mars 2021.

  53. Joe Kendrick

    Joe Kendrick

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Here in 2021!

  54. uncle buck

    uncle buck

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Sneaky title change



    Prieš 2 dienas

    All this worry about HEAT/COLD. All you need is a Peltier or A small electric inexpensive coil heater. They have been worried about these COLD temps for 40 plus years. Stop thinking so much and get some off the shelf heating devices and tweak them. Hire 20 High School geeks and throw then $40 an hour and give big bonuses for least weeks, days etc. A LOT CHEAPER than a lot of useless $300K "scientists". Or even better is make these Rovers powered by nuclear heat. Get no more than 3-4 grams of plutonium and scale down the size and mass, SOLVED! Now rover can go faster and make them able to rove around for DECADES!!

    • John Jay

      John Jay

      Prieš 2 dienas

      Well then you'll be happy to know that the rover has 10 pounds of plutonium dioxide onboard providing heat and power.



    Prieš 2 dienas


  57. proage pro

    proage pro

    Prieš 3 dienas

    thank god it flew

    • proage pro

      proage pro

      Prieš 2 dienas

      @uncle buck i agree i don't believe as well i just wanted to express that i was glad that it flew

    • uncle buck

      uncle buck

      Prieš 2 dienas

      Thank the engineers, a god had no play in this.

  58. Tim H

    Tim H

    Prieš 3 dienas

    If the helicopter tips over does it have the capability to right itself back to its feet? Or is the mission over?

    • uncle buck

      uncle buck

      Prieš 2 dienas

      The rover could do it I suppose

  59. Aiden McCrillis

    Aiden McCrillis

    Prieš 3 dienas

    bro it already flew post-covid

  60. Atharva Kulkarni

    Atharva Kulkarni

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Is this ingenuity helicopter?

    • Zeen Daniels

      Zeen Daniels

      Prieš 2 dienas


  61. Rene' Meyer

    Rene' Meyer

    Prieš 3 dienas

    This is excellent , especially just after seeing it fly for the first time on Mars! Wonderful stuff!

  62. Antonio Ferreira

    Antonio Ferreira

    Prieš 3 dienas

    I love how the title of this video keeps getting updated.

  63. Osh


    Prieš 3 dienas

    Am I the only one here in the comments who didn't know Mars has a local time 13:29 👁👄👁

  64. tj _

    tj _

    Prieš 3 dienas

    i love the title update

  65. Amal Dev U

    Amal Dev U

    Prieš 3 dienas

    And it now really flew on mars

  66. Deeshnu


    Prieš 3 dienas

    And yes!

  67. Anton Voy

    Anton Voy

    Prieš 3 dienas

    but you are comparing a big heli, with a small model.. you need to compare it to a toy, or a professional big drone here on earth, not big helis !

  68. Umesh Kumar Lodhi

    Umesh Kumar Lodhi

    Prieš 3 dienas

    2 rotors in opposite direction don't produce opposite lift?

  69. Paul Carson

    Paul Carson

    Prieš 3 dienas


  70. Nico


    Prieš 3 dienas

    Me:”keep smiling and nod..”

  71. Anuprova Saikia

    Anuprova Saikia

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Well I was wondering how it flew on mars when this video was a year old but then I realized that it's just the caption that's changed

  72. Quester91


    Prieš 3 dienas

    Aged like wine

  73. Just A. Name

    Just A. Name

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Why is NASA at Devon Island?

    • John Jay

      John Jay

      Prieš 2 dienas

      Testing the rovers under harsh conditions.

  74. Jason Dohery

    Jason Dohery

    Prieš 3 dienas

    707.7 millibars is equivalent to 10/000 feet. that is what was told in science magazines I read from the 1960 to 1974, now they are trying to tell us different from the probes sent way before.

  75. Gabriel Mendoza22

    Gabriel Mendoza22

    Prieš 3 dienas

    We all know why we are here

  76. Innerspace Race

    Innerspace Race

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Yo mama just flew on Mars



    Prieš 3 dienas

    Why the fk this one year old video got recommended right after the helicopers flight????

  78. Cory Springer

    Cory Springer

    Prieš 3 dienas

    regarding 5:15 what fishing line did they end up choosing??? My dad and I made a bet...

  79. Arun S A

    Arun S A

    Prieš 3 dienas

    It's a historical moment. Thank you sir for giving this video.

  80. hisenberg


    Prieš 3 dienas

    Legend s knows he changed the title

    • Twilight reads !

      Twilight reads !

      Prieš 3 dienas


  81. AdustoJake


    Prieš 3 dienas


  82. Nobody Knows

    Nobody Knows

    Prieš 3 dienas

    April 19, 2021 - This Helicopter Just Flew On Mars!

  83. Richard Detsch

    Richard Detsch

    Prieš 3 dienas

    How high and fast will it fly

    • Nobody Knows

      Nobody Knows

      Prieš 3 dienas

      It's really only a demonstrator at this stage. Sort of like a stripped down beer can as opposed to say, an Apache. It will have only a limited number of planned missions, mostly testing the autonomous navigation system. Low and slow, to answer your actual question, and not very far, either - the total flight time is 90 seconds for each hop.

  84. Jack L

    Jack L

    Prieš 3 dienas

    First comment of the Flight Era of this video!!!!!

  85. RockinRowl Gaming

    RockinRowl Gaming

    Prieš 3 dienas

    I'm from the future, edit the title again. This Helicopter flew 10km on Mars.

  86. Nayeem Sharif

    Nayeem Sharif

    Prieš 3 dienas

    It flew 🎉🎉🎉👏👏

  87. Ilham H

    Ilham H

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Graawedj !

  88. SmishSmish


    Prieš 3 dienas

    Will they be able to use the helicopter to dust of the rover, if it ever gets to much dust on the solars?

    • Zeen Daniels

      Zeen Daniels

      Prieš 3 dienas

      Perseverance doesn't have solar panels, it's nuclear powered.

  89. pantha


    Prieš 3 dienas

    90s? what a joke.

  90. Peter Andersson

    Peter Andersson

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Congratulations to MiMi Aung and her team at JPL: such a fantastic achievement!

  91. Buff Weeb

    Buff Weeb

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Veritasium: I’m about to do what’s called a pro gamer move *proccedes to change title*

  92. Friday Californiaa

    Friday Californiaa

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Great job, JPL =)

  93. blazing curent

    blazing curent

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Sneaky title vhang well done

  94. Milan Boons

    Milan Boons

    Prieš 3 dienas

    The title changed from now on Mars to flew on Mars

  95. brianuuuSonic Reborn

    brianuuuSonic Reborn

    Prieš 3 dienas

    How many times is he gonna rename this video every time Ingenuity does something? lol

    • brianuuuSonic Reborn

      brianuuuSonic Reborn

      Prieš 3 dienas

      @Srpalomo5 This Helicopter is going to Mars or something, and then This Helicopter is now on Mars, now this

    • Srpalomo5


      Prieš 3 dienas

      How was it named before?

  96. norweeg


    Prieš 3 dienas

    I’m here to see the title change again for today. 😊

  97. Steve Lowe

    Steve Lowe

    Prieš 3 dienas

    40 years ago at the age of 19 ish, I was building complex radio controlled model helicopters. Many people told me to grow up ,and stop playing with toys! like a pratt I listened; What an amazing achievement in tec

  98. Introvert Airways

    Introvert Airways

    Prieš 3 dienas

    Ingenuity has now successfully flown on Mars! Congrats NASA!

  99. irateinwit


    Prieš 3 dienas

    who is here NOW

  100. John Wood

    John Wood

    Prieš 3 dienas

    90 seconds? They should get a good view of the rover. :(