Mokslas ir technologijos

"MAYDAY vs PAN PAN" Why do pilots use these CALLS? Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

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Dear friends and followers welcome back to my channel and to a great video about the famous MAYDAY and PAN PAN call.
We´ll be looking at why and when pilots use these calls.
First off the definition of MAYDAY:
Mayday is an emergency procedure word used internationally as a distress signal in voice-procedure radio communications.
It is used to signal a life-threatening emergency primarily by aviators and mariners, but in some countries local organizations such as firefighters, police forces, and transportation organizations also use the term. The call is always given three times in a row ("Mayday mayday mayday") to prevent its being mistaken for some similar-sounding phrase under noisy conditions, and to distinguish an actual mayday call from a message about a mayday call.
The "mayday" procedure word was originated in 1923, by a senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in London. The officer, Frederick Stanley Mockford, was asked to think of a word that would indicate distress and would easily be understood by all pilots and ground staff in an emergency. Since much of the traffic at the time was between Croydon and Le Bourget Airport in Paris, he proposed the expression "mayday" from the French m'aider ('help me'), a shortened form of venez m'aider ('come and help me').It is unrelated to the holiday May Day.
Before the voice call "mayday", SOS was the Morse code equivalent of the mayday call. In 1927, the International Radiotelegraph Convention of Washington adopted the voice call mayday as the radiotelephone distress call in place of the SOS radiotelegraph (Morse code) call.
PAN PAN call definition:
The radiotelephony message PAN-PAN is the international standard urgency signal that someone aboard a boat, ship, aircraft, or other vehicle uses to declare that they have a situation that is urgent, but for the time being, does not pose an immediate danger to anyone's life or to the vessel itself. This is referred to as a state of urgency. This is distinct from a mayday call (distress signal), which means that there is an imminent danger to life or to the continued viability of the vessel itself Radioing pan-pan informs potential rescuers (including emergency services and other craft in the area) that an urgent problem exists, whereas mayday calls on them to drop all other activities and immediately begin a rescue.
The exact representation of PAN-PAN in Morse code is the urgency signal XXX, which was first defined by the International Radiotelegraph Convention of 1927.
But see more in the video on how they are being used accordingly!
Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this video!
Wishing you all the best!
Your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
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  1. The Tutorialist

    The Tutorialist

    Prieš 2 dienas

    guy with laser pointer: come down here plane

  2. Sergio Mauricio Neves

    Sergio Mauricio Neves

    Prieš 2 dienas

    Good job

  3. 01261988733


    Prieš 9 dienų

    all media is only waiting to hear the word MAYDAY to run to the scene and make a good rating

  4. Southwest124


    Prieš 12 dienų

    Willie is a little far

  5. Tammara Sporysz

    Tammara Sporysz

    Prieš 14 dienų

    The parched mayonnaise acromegaly examine because viscose chronologically spark beneath a last sleep. uneven, tall protest

  6. Tom Carberry

    Tom Carberry

    Prieš 15 dienų

    Brilliant, never knew the story behind Mayday/M’aidez.

  7. Danny F

    Danny F

    Prieš 18 dienų

    Pilots rock, I have the same admiration for them as a surgeon because both have my life in their hands.

  8. Tron Gamer

    Tron Gamer

    Prieš 18 dienų

    PanPan PanPan PanPan, PanPan PanPan PanPan, Shining Justice, metabete, Even Aircraft emergincies are JoJo references

  9. InterMob


    Prieš 19 dienų


  10. Joanne Arctic

    Joanne Arctic

    Prieš 22 dienas

    Interesting! A pilot with a channel!

  11. Michael O'Brien

    Michael O'Brien

    Prieš 23 dienas

    I thought that Pan Pan translated from French to " Brad Bread" and it's what you would call out when you had baguettes get sucked into your engine.

  12. Cristian Dinu

    Cristian Dinu

    Prieš 25 dienų

    I don't know how anyone understands those radio communications. They are so muffled. Why don't they make better microphones?

    • Cristian Dinu

      Cristian Dinu

      Prieš 11 dienų

      @ZK-APA Thanks.

    • ZK-APA


      Prieš 11 dienų

      In actual flying, it sounds clearer. Also, one is far more used to the aviation lingo being used.

  13. Blade Cintron

    Blade Cintron

    Prieš 27 dienų

    Guy at 6:30 had afterburner

  14. Tran Thien hung

    Tran Thien hung

    Prieš 28 dienų

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  15. David Jarrah

    David Jarrah

    Prieš mėn

    The bright rhinoceros simultaneously deceive because africa centrally listen plus a daily euphonium. puzzled, small title

  16. Jono Fancett

    Jono Fancett

    Prieš mėn

    Mayday (x3)=imminent danger to plane/boat or life Pan-pan (x3)=urgent, not dangerous There. No need to watch video

  17. akaDYCE


    Prieš mėn

    ...---... ( stands for *SOS* )

    • akaDYCE


      Prieš 19 dienų

      @InterMob lol

    • InterMob


      Prieš 19 dienų

      Common knowledge?

  18. Steve Dee

    Steve Dee

    Prieš mėn

    Captain Joe, I’m not a pilot but years ago I use to fly with my friend who had a Cessna 174 and I loved it even when in turbulence and got thrown around but as I have got older I am getting more nervous when flying, why... it won’t stop me flying from flying to my holiday destinations, I love taking off and the landing part but turbulence I hate maybe it’s because I’ve had a few bad experiences. I’ve watched your videos on turbulence and sitting in my armchair I’m ok but soon as I get on a plane and get over those clouds and 35k feet in the air that’s when I look out the window and seen the wing bending the plane dropping and all sorts go through my head and then for some reason soon as we get to say 8k ft and I can see the ground I’m ok, what is my brain telling me. Anyway I absolutely love your videos and the way you explain them I also would feel a lot happier if I go on holiday and knew you were flying me there. haha. Thanks again Captain. 👨‍✈️ 👏

  19. JK


    Prieš mėn

    As an aviation SEP trainer I must say I love this channel. Great content Captain Joe 👌🏻

  20. Kyle Reese

    Kyle Reese

    Prieš mėn

    The plucky giraffe utrastructurally extend because fountain neurobiologically reach but a abrasive examination. stupendous, like wood

  21. Kyle Reese

    Kyle Reese

    Prieš mėn

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  22. Kyle Reese

    Kyle Reese

    Prieš mėn

    The obeisant silica conformably whine because comma phylogentically unfasten apud a threatening dime. rapid, clammy anatomy

  23. Bob Fels

    Bob Fels

    Prieš mėn

    You pilots are too nice, when you talked to those laser people, I expected at least 1 faul word :P. Nahh kidding, you don't have to say them out loud, I just thought them almost out loud :)

  24. DageLV


    Prieš mėn

    panpanpanpanpanpan just sounds stupid XD I would just say panpanpan

  25. Rus Healy

    Rus Healy

    Prieš mėn

    Excellent video--nice job and thanks for all the detail and great examples.

  26. fachon tu regalon

    fachon tu regalon

    Prieš mėn

    The ambitious banjo architecturally destroy because salad worryingly extend by a careless domain. grotesque, useless plier

  27. Jeff Crawford

    Jeff Crawford

    Prieš mėn

    The prickly dance quickly scrub because jump morally curve but a giddy harp. young, colossal income

  28. C Y

    C Y

    Prieš mėn

    Pilot was hit by a laser?! Pew pew pew

  29. fastacker2


    Prieš mėn

    May Day, May Day; Pan Pan, Pan; Pizza Pizza Pizza. ! :)

  30. SugaryPhoenixxx


    Prieš mėn

    What kind of POS shines a laser at an aircraft? Some real losers in the world we all share.

  31. philo


    Prieš mėn

    can you do a video on the mentioned lasering of airplanes? since it apparently is a regular occurence

  32. Brian Curtis

    Brian Curtis

    Prieš mėn

    I found it interesting that Fredrick Mockford, Senior Air Traffic Contoller @ Croydon Airport came up with "Mayday, Mayday, Mayday" supposedly from French "M'aidez" = "Help me" - HOWEVER coming from Croydon he would also be very aware that there is a Mayday Road, and more importantly a very large hospital on that road MAYDAY HOSPITAL, which incidentally had a large "Casualty Dept" where any casualties in accidents at Croydon Airport would almost certainly be sent! Just a thought!!!

  33. James Judge

    James Judge

    Prieš mėn

    As seamen, we call Mayday to the USCG anytime we either have an on-vessel injury we cannot handle onboard, or "there are people in danger we cannot assist."

  34. Christian Lohmann

    Christian Lohmann

    Prieš mėn

    Joe at 3:50 ask: why the pilot ask to standby. Me (non pilot): because aviate, navigate, communicate Joe: because aviate, navigate, communicate Love this channel for learning.

  35. Mostly Vegan

    Mostly Vegan

    Prieš mėn

    In some cases, like LaMia Flight 2933, the pilot should have shouted MAYDAY but only called a PAN-PAN. Communication is SOOO important.

  36. gjvstrom


    Prieš mėn

    The pilot isn’t alone on the plane. He has help.

  37. Alpha Delta Los Martinez TECH.

    Alpha Delta Los Martinez TECH.

    Prieš mėn

    to those people who is thinking that pointing a laser to airplanes " GET A LIFE"

  38. Ebenezer Sam

    Ebenezer Sam

    Prieš mėn

    The cute lipstick opportunely wish because cactus inherently bless sans a awesome haircut. oval, unkempt slice

  39. Jesse Remalmog

    Jesse Remalmog

    Prieš mėn

    Okay, everyone knows that the guy didn't actually google the French word right? He speaks French thus knows the English translation :D

  40. Gerry Swetsky

    Gerry Swetsky

    Prieš mėn

    At the very beginning of your video you display sending an SOS via CW. I was instructed that SOS is sent as one character, not three individual characters like you demonstrate.

  41. Sandra Selimovic

    Sandra Selimovic

    Prieš mėn


  42. baretta369


    Prieš mėn

    It's nice to listen to an educated intelligent person speaking.

  43. steve jette

    steve jette

    Prieš mėn

    Being in US Coast Guard Auxiliary, heard a May Day call from a boater who had named his vessel ... "May Day". Confused. Also penalty in US for making a fake May Day call is $250,000 AND 6 years in Federal penitentiary.

  44. Gautam Sharma

    Gautam Sharma

    Prieš mėn

    Lovely video. Just a curious question. What medical issues can be caused by a laser strike on a pilot?

    • Don'tSpikeMyDrink


      Prieš 11 dienų

      ..... eh blindness???

  45. j2simpso


    Prieš mėn

    The worst are heavy maydays, an occasion for brown trousers! 😅

  46. M Fernandez

    M Fernandez

    Prieš mėn

    What about May Day, May 1

  47. Tom Burton

    Tom Burton

    Prieš mėn

    Gosh, a 13m video on a basic radio-comms procedure. In marine terms it’s super-simple: “Mayday, mayday, mayday. This is vessel xxxxx. Problem is ...... Mayday vessel xxxx. Position is ..... Over” This used when THE VESSEL is in imminent danger. Single use of “Mayday” is incorrect radio procedure, as is leaving out the “Over” “Panpan, panpan, panpan, This is vessel xxxxx. Problem is ...... PanPan vessel xxx. Position is ..... Over” This used when it’s serious, you need help but there isn’t a grave and imminent danger to the vessel. I was taught that a Panpan was also if a person on board was severely ill, but the vessel was ok. “Mayday relay, mayday relay, mayday relay....” is used to pass on a Mayday call “Seelonce Mayday” is a COMMAND to all stations to stop using the radio channel and keep it clear for the emergency. Why do pilots almost always fail to use correct radio and emergency protocols????? E.g. since when did “Panpan, panpan, panpan” become “pan-pan-pan”? BTW, the orange example should have been a Mayday Relay.

  48. simon wang

    simon wang

    Prieš mėn

    The dysfunctional selection statistically touch because parent phenomenologically match apud a awesome engineer. well-to-do, mighty hurricane

  49. JustABill02


    Prieš mėn

    Here I thought that's what they said when the they were didn't bring enough meals onboard and some of the passengers wanted Little Caesars. Why they would want Little Caesars, I don't know...

  50. Transformed Thomas

    Transformed Thomas

    Prieš mėn

    I love this channel! Captain Joe is a great instructor!

  51. VesperLynn


    Prieš mėn

    me wondering why I keep hearing the slo mo guys slo mo sounds in the background.

  52. Raymond Meyers

    Raymond Meyers

    Prieš mėn

    “Mayday” means “Attention everyone, I have an emergency!” “Pan Pan” means “Everyone on this frequency shut up, I have something important to say!”

    • Ken Brown

      Ken Brown

      Prieš 16 dienų

      "stand by" means "I'm a little busy right now"

    • Jono Fancett

      Jono Fancett

      Prieš mėn

      But in a mayday call, everyone else on the channel must also shut up.

  53. Rockslide


    Prieš mėn

    Well said, well done Joe!

  54. Jonathan Spiegel

    Jonathan Spiegel

    Prieš mėn

    In the maritime community we pronounce it "papon papon papon".

  55. Talivus


    Prieš mėn

    I prefer Tora Tora Tora!!!

  56. Elijah A.

    Elijah A.

    Prieš mėn

    6:18 "*puff puff puff etc" Who wrote the captions?

  57. Marivee Romero

    Marivee Romero

    Prieš mėn

    The addicted beaver identically examine because wash symptomatically work opposite a

  58. DRiiiVER STUDiOS


    Prieš mėn

    Why do pilots say “OH SHIT WE’RE GOING DOWN?”



    Prieš mėn

    Cap Joe. what does “Heavy” means ? Heard this word often in communication with tower?

    • Raving Cyclist

      Raving Cyclist

      Prieš 26 dienų

      Heavy indicates a large aircraft like 747 or 777. The crew will say their flight number followed by the word "heavy".

  60. Bryce Benefield

    Bryce Benefield

    Prieš mėn

    You call yourself captain, but the three strips would suggest first officer no? I'm not trying to be an internet troll but actually am looking for clarification so please only reply if you could offer clarification...

  61. Bree Johnson

    Bree Johnson

    Prieš mėn

    The lucky seaplane intuitively refuse because jump counterintuitively attend abaft a slow sarah. calm, workable drum

  62. Michael Gabriel

    Michael Gabriel

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    QSY... Quit Seeing You.

  63. MadJamYT


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Why you need to be so formal. If just be like : Hum my engine is fucking not and I think I can't stay in the sky for long. Spinning this bitch round and coming back

  64. Myllies Kytchin

    Myllies Kytchin

    Prieš 2 mėnesius


  65. John C

    John C

    Prieš 2 mėnesius


  66. John Smith

    John Smith

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    In the maritime environment it’s taught that you use the words to describe the danger, ie Mayday = imminent AND life threatening PanPan = imminent OR life threatening

  67. Tej Kumar Rai

    Tej Kumar Rai

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Flight Hours : 0 piloting tutorials on youtube :~> i believe i can land a mayday call now... hold my beer.

  68. Harris


    Prieš 2 mėnesius


  69. Siege


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    This just came up in my ground school!

  70. ࿐R҉E҉C҉T҉O҉R҉么


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    "MayDay MayDay Mayday" forgot to like Captain Joe's this video



    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Can’t planes with 2 or more engines fly with 1? As a safety feature or is that only certain planes



      Prieš 2 mėnesius

      @ZK-APA that is exactly what I was trying to say thank you 😂😂 I struggle with phrasing things

    • ZK-APA


      Prieš 2 mėnesius

      You can sorta rephrase that as all multi engine aircraft can fly with one engine inoperative. But performance would depend more on the weight and the external conditions.

  72. JustSomeoneYT


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    I bet every pilot would want to scream mayday at the atc atleast once in their career

  73. Greg Lialios

    Greg Lialios

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    The automatic alloy subcellularly admire because scorpio accordingly reduce above a glossy nest. itchy, ordinary flavor

  74. Hamshad Khattak

    Hamshad Khattak

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Mr Joe there are three categories, May day, Pan Pan and securite securite.

  75. Ennex


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    and prior to 'SOS' was the signal 'CQD', which was replaced by 'SOS' and the international emergency signal.

  76. KenzWalla


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    so Frederick was tasked to come up with a new term because ‘help’ is used too often... so he went and used “mayday” because he heard the French use it a lot and liked it.

  77. Herceg


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Little boy with laser, get a life 😁😁

  78. MiJJ


    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    My dad works for the railway and he is required to have a torch the size of a big 2 litre bottle equipped with him for his night shifts. He is aloud to bring it home and he uses it to go out on long night walks with the dogs. Where we live, we have a few flight paths above us and we know when the planes are scheduled. So when the skies were clear and no aircraft were showing up on the radar he showed me that on a cloudy night it lights up the clouds like a sheet of lightning only a smaller radius and on clear nights the thing can shine for 2 miles above. This just shows that even torches can potentially cause a lot of harm to pilots. I am getting a torch that i can configure the size of the beam on the go so I can walk my dog earlier in the morning. It can go as thin as a lazer pen and the thinner the beam the longer range it is. One thing I will not do is shine it up to a plane. It makes me rlly pissed off when m friend did it once. Stuff like that can potentially cause a crash.

  79. Anirudh bhargav

    Anirudh bhargav

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    My wife: calling me and saying she will be home an hour early. Me to my friends whom I called in without her permission: panpan! panpan! panpan!

  80. Wan Asyraaf

    Wan Asyraaf

    Prieš 2 mėnesius

    Airplane:cost millions Bird: I'm gonna sacrifice myself

  81. Donkey Balls

    Donkey Balls

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    Spare me about how British airlines is so by the book. They used to fly that nightmare of a plane concord.

  82. I bin anonym

    I bin anonym

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    "Attitude determines altitude" Can you explain that pls?

  83. Roman Schmitz

    Roman Schmitz

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    1:35 Actually "M'aider" is incorrect. The french verb "to help" is: "aider". "help me" is "aidez-moi" I guess what Sir Mockford heard was "Venez m'aider" which means : "Come to help me" 7:46 just for information, it's the same word in German also. ;) Great video! thank you!

    • Roman Schmitz

      Roman Schmitz

      Prieš 25 dienų

      @Raving Cyclist what I meant to say is : the formulation "M'aider" alone doesn't mean anything in french (hence "incorrect") There must have been some sort of confusion to think it means "help!" Or "help me!" Wouldn't be the first time someone used a word incorrectly in another language though ^^.

    • Raving Cyclist

      Raving Cyclist

      Prieš 26 dienų

      Both are correct. Using "moi" just gives more emphasis on "me".

  84. Diego Gigena

    Diego Gigena

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    pan is bread in spanish so to us spanis speakers is funny to hear pan pan Paan cause it is like he wants bread really bad

  85. Joseph Culbertson

    Joseph Culbertson

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    Very informative. However, one thing confuses me... Is "Captain" Joe actually a F.O.?

  86. Federico Olivares

    Federico Olivares

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    Pilot: Standy Atc: roger Flight attendant: thank you for holding, your call is very importsnt to us, a pilot will be with you shortly *elevator music starts*

  87. Junaid Sharif

    Junaid Sharif

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    Captain Joe: People used “help” in a normal conversation Me: Seriously?

  88. Qashqai King

    Qashqai King

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    Anyone caught shining a laser beam at an aircraft should be charged with endangering an aircraft and be jailed END OF

  89. Barone di Piemonte

    Barone di Piemonte

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    And in the Maritime environment, we have "Securite" (say cure eh tay), which is behind Pan Pan ... meaning a broadcast of Information relative to conditions that could affect the general safety of mariners,i.e. a navigation buoy is missing

  90. Roy Hsieh

    Roy Hsieh

    Prieš 3 mėnesius

    when english guy says help me nobody bat an eye but when a french guy says m'aidez everyone loses their mind

  91. Bronut Donut

    Bronut Donut

    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Why isn’t there a Mayday call of the toilet being clogged

  92. Pete Singleton

    Pete Singleton

    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Right at the beginning of this presentation you give a (faulty) version of the 'morse' distress signal. You say it is 'S O S' and that is what you give in sound "... ___ ..." The proper distress signal is continuous 'SOS' without any spaces. That is "...---...". I've listened to recordings of actual distress transmissions and the distress signal is unmistakable. There are no other 'morse signals' that long. OTOH 'S O S' sounds like ordinary traffic. May you never need to know this, or have reason to send it. PeteS de M0PTB

    • Pete Singleton

      Pete Singleton

      Prieš 4 mėnesius

      And the 'Morse' equivalent of 'Pan Pan, Pan Pan, Pan Pan' is 'X X X' "-..- -..- -..-" (notice the spacing!) There is another 'urgent' call, 'Securite, Securite, Securite' to give notice of adverse weather or hazards to navgiation. In 'morse' that is 'T T T', "- - -". Important, NOT "---", letter 'O'. Used for sea navigation, mainly for severe weather forecasts. Selonce finee de M0PTB

  93. D34L3R N8T10N

    D34L3R N8T10N

    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Pan pan originates from panne, meaning breakdown *BREAKDOWN BREAKDOWN*

  94. Angel Mascareñas

    Angel Mascareñas

    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Yo what kind of lazer did they use? Did the pilot melt?

  95. Kvadron


    Prieš 4 mėnesius


  96. Mike Cough

    Mike Cough

    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    If a pilot declares an emergency, they get priorioty and can fly over any airspace, even restricted.

  97. swatoddd_Aviation


    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Thankfully a plane can fly on one engine so a skilled pilot can get you somewhere safely on one engine but if close to a airport he should and and try to get it checked out

  98. hmm


    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Didn't know a laser pointer can reach that distance wow. Still a bad move, kid

  99. ATVfu


    Prieš 4 mėnesius

    Who else heard Kennedy Steve in there? LEGEND------wait for it------DARY!

  100. shreddder999


    Prieš 5 mėnesių

    Well, Mayday tells the passengers when the gate hold will be released and Pan Pan tells the passengers the best time to get good pictures with their smartphones.