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WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

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Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)
Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:

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  1. KeinWunder


    Prieš 4 dienas

    Do a video in german 😍

  2. Kevin Luo

    Kevin Luo

    Prieš 5 dienų

    Ah yes, 2.26 million pilots watching this.

  3. Rocky Go

    Rocky Go

    Prieš 11 dienų

    I imagine a cessna approaching like Cessna 143 "Cute"

  4. Miriam Schmitz

    Miriam Schmitz

    Prieš 11 dienų

    There are no German subtitles.. ☹️

  5. Neel Shah

    Neel Shah

    Prieš 12 dienų

    Glider flies high than procedding aircraft cause wing top vortices created by glider are negligible or can say less than procedding aircraft.

  6. thebeaz1


    Prieš 12 dienų

    Thank you for that important information.

  7. Zinah Awab

    Zinah Awab

    Prieš 16 dienų

    Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

  8. Daniel Wainaina

    Daniel Wainaina

    Prieš 20 dienų

    This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

  9. Darth vader

    Darth vader

    Prieš 27 dienų

    Subtitles suck shit

    • Don'tSpikeMyDrink


      Prieš 11 dienų

      they are not that bad

  10. ss ll

    ss ll

    Prieš 29 dienų

    why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

  11. William Edward

    William Edward

    Prieš mėn

    The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

  12. DzyMsLizzy


    Prieš mėn

    Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

  13. Marc Bergeron

    Marc Bergeron

    Prieš mėn

    Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

    • George Reynolds

      George Reynolds

      Prieš 26 dienų

      The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

  14. George Payazitis

    George Payazitis

    Prieš mėn

    They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

  15. robert dickson

    robert dickson

    Prieš mėn

    I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

  16. 56PapaBear56


    Prieš mėn

    I miss the Concord also

  17. Anushree Mohan

    Anushree Mohan

    Prieš mėn

    Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

  18. Denial1984


    Prieš mėn


  19. Aaditya Pratap Singh

    Aaditya Pratap Singh

    Prieš mėn

    Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

  20. eLem3nT


    Prieš mėn

    Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

  21. Kyle Pifer

    Kyle Pifer

    Prieš mėn

    When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

  22. SharkJawYokel


    Prieš mėn

    I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

  23. CHIMOY


    Prieš mėn

    Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

  24. Alphaville86


    Prieš mėn

    Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

  25. Paul M

    Paul M

    Prieš mėn

    Captain? really?

  26. Carl


    Prieš mėn

    Excellent explanation 👍

  27. Heidi Coleman

    Heidi Coleman

    Prieš mėn

    The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

  28. nomebear


    Prieš mėn

    Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

  29. Jesse James Bell

    Jesse James Bell

    Prieš mėn

    Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

  30. d gronzega

    d gronzega

    Prieš mėn

    Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

    • George Reynolds

      George Reynolds

      Prieš 26 dienų

      To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

  31. Martin Moore

    Martin Moore

    Prieš mėn

    Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

  32. Diana Hilburn

    Diana Hilburn

    Prieš mėn

    I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

  33. Gustavo Sanchez

    Gustavo Sanchez

    Prieš mėn

    What's the word again heavy

  34. C Y

    C Y

    Prieš mėn

    Because Great Scotts! Was taken

  35. Para


    Prieš mėn

    You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

  36. McCoy RiDEs

    McCoy RiDEs

    Prieš mėn

    its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

  37. numbr17


    Prieš mėn

    I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

  38. Harry Van Der Meulen

    Harry Van Der Meulen

    Prieš mėn

    I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

  39. Adrien Pinard

    Adrien Pinard

    Prieš mėn

    The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

  40. Delta Methrin

    Delta Methrin

    Prieš mėn

    Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

  41. LK


    Prieš mėn

    Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

  42. Eduardo Bogosian

    Eduardo Bogosian

    Prieš mėn

    @8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

  43. LPVit


    Prieš mėn

    good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

  44. BenjWarrant


    Prieš mėn

    You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

  45. Doug Callahan

    Doug Callahan

    Prieš mėn

    depends on the size of the flight attendants

  46. Susan Muraguri

    Susan Muraguri

    Prieš mėn

    I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?!

  47. Paul Collyer

    Paul Collyer

    Prieš mėn

    No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

  48. Lunatic Fringe

    Lunatic Fringe

    Prieš mėn

    Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

  49. Vanduir Da Silva

    Vanduir Da Silva

    Prieš mėn

    Very cool information!!!!

  50. James Lindsey

    James Lindsey

    Prieš mėn

    It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

  51. Jas B.

    Jas B.

    Prieš mėn

    If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

  52. SFC Tapia

    SFC Tapia

    Prieš mėn

    When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

  53. socalsilver


    Prieš mėn


  54. RickySTT


    Prieš mėn

    How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

  55. Regular Guy

    Regular Guy

    Prieš mėn

    Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

  56. pmailkeey


    Prieš mėn

    8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

  57. pmailkeey


    Prieš mėn

    8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

  58. thebeaz1


    Prieš mėn

    It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

  59. tennisbum


    Prieš mėn

    Very concise explanation, well done

  60. John Boughton

    John Boughton

    Prieš mėn

    Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

  61. Jt Williams

    Jt Williams

    Prieš mėn

    If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

  62. thewargod1995


    Prieš mėn

    So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

    • thewargod1995


      Prieš mėn

      @Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

    • Mark Taylor

      Mark Taylor

      Prieš mėn

      So it’s your first day here, huh?

  63. atomflyer44


    Prieš mėn

    I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

  64. Jim Malley

    Jim Malley

    Prieš mėn

    Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

  65. billp4


    Prieš mėn

    cause it sounds cool?

  66. Belkys


    Prieš mėn

    BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .



    Prieš mėn

    You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

  68. David Moutardier

    David Moutardier

    Prieš mėn

    Thanks for the information. Excellent!

  69. XxMidnightToker420xX


    Prieš mėn

    I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

  70. Ben Klassen

    Ben Klassen

    Prieš mėn

    I learned something. Thanks.

  71. Minor Issue

    Minor Issue

    Prieš mėn

    Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

  72. Steve Guest

    Steve Guest

    Prieš mėn

    That’s great Info very interesting

  73. Robert B

    Robert B

    Prieš mėn

    “God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

  74. Alec Mayo

    Alec Mayo

    Prieš mėn

    Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

  75. :l


    Prieš mėn

    7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

  76. Bruno Tulliani

    Bruno Tulliani

    Prieš mėn

    My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

  77. Cheick Diarra

    Cheick Diarra

    Prieš mėn

    this is so cool

  78. Communism is Evil

    Communism is Evil

    Prieš mėn

    Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

  79. mickd6942


    Prieš mėn

    Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

  80. Martin Espinosa

    Martin Espinosa

    Prieš mėn

    I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

  81. Terry Burke

    Terry Burke

    Prieš mėn

    hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

  82. Rushin' Truckin'

    Rushin' Truckin'

    Prieš mėn

    This was fascinating! Had no idea but makes sense.

  83. Kleur van de Ogen

    Kleur van de Ogen

    Prieš mėn

    Boeing 747 is "Heavy" Airbus A380 is "Super".......

  84. Niteen Mehendale

    Niteen Mehendale

    Prieš mėn

    Thanks, I've always wondered what "heavy" signified

  85. Valerie DeMello

    Valerie DeMello

    Prieš mėn

    Always wondered about the "heavy ", thank you for taking the time.

    • thebeaz1


      Prieš mėn

      all 3 seconds........

  86. Mark Rossow

    Mark Rossow

    Prieš mėn

    so yes are nails in wood houses slowly shaken loose if in a flight path ?

  87. Nu Pagadii

    Nu Pagadii

    Prieš mėn

    Cuman in time 2:14 U have traditional PZL-104 Wilga/Gull.... NOT some ultra light plane....

  88. bllourias


    Prieš mėn

    ...and that is the reason there is so much empty and cleared fields around airports. Now, I know

  89. Mingchen Zhang

    Mingchen Zhang

    Prieš mėn

    An-225 *SUPER HEAVY*

    • Kleur van de Ogen

      Kleur van de Ogen

      Prieš mėn

      AN 225 is "Super"......

  90. Edin Fifić

    Edin Fifić

    Prieš mėn

    Sort of like the wake a (speedy) boat leaves behind on water.

  91. Richard Joe-Leonn

    Richard Joe-Leonn

    Prieš mėn

    I’ve always wondered what heavy meant for thanks

  92. Bill Dillon

    Bill Dillon

    Prieš mėn

    And geese and ducks have figured this out without a slide rule.

  93. Doug B

    Doug B

    Prieš mėn

    Blasted out of the video by an ad.

  94. eM Pe

    eM Pe

    Prieš mėn

    What? I tend to listen to atc transmissions nearby and never heard heavy... isn't it reserved to the busiest airports? Also I heard speedbird callsign from the USA airports usually...

  95. D F

    D F

    Prieš mėn

    I was in a small plane as a passenger once that hit wake turbulence. The plane rolled 45 degrees right then quickly rolled 45 degrees left before leveling. I didn’t realize what happened at the time but the panic in the pilot’s voice certainly didn’t help 😂

  96. Gozar 111

    Gozar 111

    Prieš mėn

    I still remember when we could fly to places.

  97. Jopflah


    Prieš mėn

    Wake turbulence caused the crash of small jet at John Wayne airport in Southern California killing top executives of the In-N- Out Burgher chain. This happened several years ago.

  98. Joshua Brown

    Joshua Brown

    Prieš mėn

    "lined up like pearls on a necklace." I want to be sure ARTCCs get credit for that too 😉. TRACON may take credit but they merely fine tuned what center did, believe me! But I know what you meant, haha

  99. Alucard


    Prieš mėn

    They really are fat shaming the concorde

  100. Jamie Milsom

    Jamie Milsom

    Prieš mėn

    Hi Tom you won’t read this but if anyone else can answer the question it would be great. Why do fighter planes or stunt shows like the red arrows not get affected by the wake from the other aircrafts in front as the fly all most touching